dumpk

dumpk — Periodically writes an orchestra control-signal value to an external file.

Description

Periodically writes an orchestra control-signal value to a named external file in a specific format.

Syntax

dumpk  ksig, ifilname, iformat, iprd

Initialization

ifilname -- character string (in double quotes, spaces permitted) denoting the external file name. May either be a full path name with target directory specified or a simple filename to be created within the current directory

iformat -- specifies the output data format:

  • 1 = 8-bit signed char(high order 8 bits of a 16-bit integer

  • 4 = 16-bit short integers

  • 5 = 32-bit long integers

  • 6 = 32-bit floats

  • 7 = ASCII long integers

  • 8 = ASCII floats (2 decimal places)

Note that A-law and U-law output are not available, and that all formats except the last two are binary. The output file contains no header information.

iprd -- the period of ksig output in seconds, rounded to the nearest orchestra control period. A value of 0 implies one control period (the enforced minimum), which will create an output file sampled at the orchestra control rate.

Performance

ksig -- a control-rate signal

This opcode allows a generated control signal value to be saved in a named external file. The file contains no self-defining header information. But it contains a regularly sampled time series, suitable for later input or analysis. There may be any number of dumpk opcodes in an instrument or orchestra but each must write to a different file.

Examples

Here is an example of the dumpk opcode. It uses the file dumpk.csd.

Example 200. Example of the dumpk opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc    ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o dumpk.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 20
nchnls = 1

; By Andres Cabrera 2008

instr 1
; Write fibonacci numbers to file "fibonacci.txt"
; as ascii long integers (mode 7), using the orchestra's
; control rate (iprd = 0)

knumber init 0
koldnumber init 1
ktrans init 1
ktrans = knumber
knumber = knumber + koldnumber
koldnumber = ktrans
dumpk  knumber, "fibonacci.txt", 7, 0
printk2 knumber
endin


</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>

;Write to the file for 1 second. Since control rate is 20, 20 values will be written
 i 1 0 1



</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


Here is another example of the dumpk opcode. It uses the file dumpk-2.csd.

Example 201. Example 2 of the dumpk opcode.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac      ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o dumpk-2.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

giSine ftgen 0, 0, 2^10, 10, 1

instr 1 ;writes a control signal to a file
kfreq randh  100, 1, 2, 1, 500 ;generates one random number between 400 and 600 per second
      dumpk  kfreq, "dumpk.txt", 8, 1 ;writes the control signal
      printk 1, kfreq 				 ;prints it
endin

instr 2 ;reads the file written by instr 1
kfreq readk  "dumpk.txt", 8, 1
      printk 1, kfreq ;prints it
aout  poscil .2, kfreq, giSine
      outs   aout, aout
endin

</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>
i 1 0 5
i 2 5 5
e
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


Its output should include lines like this:

WARNING: Seeding from current time 683384022

 i   1 time     1.00033:   463.64510
 i   1 time     2.00000:   463.64510
 i   1 time     3.00000:   483.14200
 i   1 time     4.00000:   567.55973
 i   1 time     5.00000:   576.37060
 i   1 time     6.00000:   460.66550

 i   2 time     6.00033:   463.64510
 i   2 time     7.00000:   463.64510
 i   2 time     8.00000:   483.14200
 i   2 time     9.00000:   567.55970
 i   2 time    10.00000:   576.37060
 i   2 time    11.00000:   460.66550

See Also

dumpk2, dumpk3, dumpk4, readk, readk2, readk3, readk4

Credits

By: John ffitch and Barry Vercoe

1999 or earlier