logcurve — This opcode implements a formula for generating a normalised logarithmic curve in range 0 - 1. It is based on the Max / MSP work of Eric Singer (c) 1994.

Generates a logarithmic curve in range 0 to 1 of arbitrary steepness. Steepness index equal to or lower than 1.0 will result in Not-a-Number errors and cause unstable behavior.

The formula used to calculate the curve is:

log(x * (y-1)+1) / (log(y)

where x is equal to *kindex* and y is equal to *ksteepness*.

*kindex* -- Index value. Expected range 0 to 1.

*ksteepness* -- Steepness of the generated curve. Values
closer to 1.0 result in a straighter line while larger values steepen the
curve.

*kout* -- Scaled output.

Here is an example of the logcurve opcode. It uses the file *logcurve.csd*.

**Example 434. Example of the logcurve opcode.**

See the sections *Real-time Audio* and *Command Line Flags* for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer> <CsOptions> ; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform ; Audio out Audio in Silent -odac -iadc -d ;;;realtime output </CsOptions> <CsInstruments> sr = 48000 ksmps = 100 nchnls = 2 instr 1 ; logcurve test kmod phasor 1/p3 kout logcurve kmod, p4 printks "kmod = %f kout = %f\\n", 0.1, kmod, kout endin </CsInstruments> <CsScore> i1 0 10 2 i1 10 10 30 i1 20 10 0.5 e </CsScore> </CsoundSynthesizer>