limit

limit — Sets the lower and upper limits of the value it processes.

Description

Sets the lower and upper limits of the value it processes.

Syntax

ares limit asig, klow, khigh
ires limit isig, ilow, ihigh
kres limit ksig, klow, khigh

Initialization

isig -- input signal

ilow -- low threshold

ihigh -- high threshold

Performance

xsig -- input signal

klow -- low threshold

khigh -- high threshold

limit sets the lower and upper limits on the xsig value it processes. If xhigh is lower than xlow, then the output will be the average of the two - it will not be affected by xsig.

This opcode is useful in several situations, such as table indexing or for clipping and modeling a-rate, i-rate or k-rate signals.

Examples

Here is an example of the limit opcode. It uses the file limit.csd.

Example 404. Example of the limit opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac   ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o limit.wav -W  ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

sr = 44100 
ksmps = 32 
0dbfs  = 1 
nchnls = 2

instr    1 ; Limit / Mirror / Wrap

igain    = p4				;gain
ilevl1   = p5				; + level
ilevl2   = p6				; - level
imode    = p7				;1 = limit, 2 = mirror, 3 = wrap

ain   soundin  "fox.wav"
ain   = ain*igain

if    imode = 1 goto limit
if    imode = 2 goto mirror

asig  wrap  ain, ilevl2, ilevl1
goto  outsignal

limit:
asig  limit  ain, ilevl2, ilevl1
goto  outsignal

mirror:
asig  mirror  ain, ilevl2, ilevl1
outsignal:

outs  asig*.5, asig*.5			;mind your speakers
  
endin

</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>

;           Gain  +Levl -Levl Mode
i1  0  3    4.00  .25  -1.00   1	;limit
i1  4  3    4.00  .25  -1.00   2	;mirror
i1  8  3    4.00  .25  -1.00   3	;wrap
e
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


See Also

mirror, wrap

Credits

Author: Robin Whittle
Australia

New in Csound version 3.46